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Table Of Contents  The TCP/IP Guide
 9  TCP/IP Application Layer Protocols, Services and Applications (OSI Layers 5, 6 and 7)
      9  Name Systems and TCP/IP Name Registration and Name Resolution
           9  TCP/IP Name Systems: Host Tables and Domain Name System (DNS)
                9  TCP/IP Domain Name System (DNS)
                     9  DNS Name Registration, Public Administration, Zones and Authorities

Previous Topic/Section
DNS Geopolitical (Country Code) Top Level Domains and Authorities
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
2
Next Page
DNS Public Registration Disputes (Conflicts, Cybersquatting, "Deceptive Naming", Etc.) and Dispute Resolution
Next Topic/Section

DNS Second-Level and Lower Domains, Delegation of Registration Authority and Public Registration
(Page 2 of 2)

Deregulation of Public Registration

In the late 1990s, responsibility for name registration was given to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The registration process was “deregulated”, to borrow a term referring to removal of monopolies from industries like power generation. As of December 1999, there was still a single authority that has overall responsibility for each TLD, including .COM, .NET and .ORG. Today, Network Solutions is still the authority running .COM and .NET. However, they aren't the only ones that register names within these TLDs. They further delegate registration authority to a multitude of other companies, called accredited registrars. Any registrar can register names within the TLD(s) for which they are accredited.

Naturally, coordination becomes much more of a concern when you have multiple companies registering names in a TLD compared to just one. A special set of technical and administrative procedures is followed to ensure that there are no problems such as two registrars trying to grab a name at the same time. The system has worked well, and those who wish to use TLDs where competition exists now can choose from a variety of registering companies. The most noticeable result of this was also the most predictable one: the cost of registering a domain name in the deregulated generic TLDs is usually much lower than the fees originally charged by the InterNIC.

Once a company, individual or organization has a registered lower-level domain, he/she/it becomes the authority for that domain. Use of the domain then becomes private, but depending on how the domain is used, further public name registration may be required. See the topic on private registration for more.


Previous Topic/Section
DNS Geopolitical (Country Code) Top Level Domains and Authorities
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
2
Next Page
DNS Public Registration Disputes (Conflicts, Cybersquatting, "Deceptive Naming", Etc.) and Dispute Resolution
Next Topic/Section

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Version 3.0 - Version Date: September 20, 2005

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