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Table Of Contents  The TCP/IP Guide
 9  TCP/IP Application Layer Protocols, Services and Applications (OSI Layers 5, 6 and 7)
      9  TCP/IP Key Applications and Application Protocols
           9  TCP/IP File and Message Transfer Applications and Protocols (FTP, TFTP, Electronic Mail, USENET, HTTP/WWW, Gopher)
                9  TCP/IP General File Transfer Protocols (FTP and TFTP)
                     9  File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
                          9  FTP Concepts and General Operation

Previous Topic/Section
FTP Control Connection Establishment, User Authentication and Anonymous FTP Access
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
234
Next Page
FTP General Data Communication and Transmission Modes
Next Topic/Section

FTP Data Connection Management, Normal (Active) and Passive Data Connections and Port Usage
(Page 1 of 4)

The control channel created between the Server-PI and the User-PI using the FTP connection establishment and authentication process is maintained throughout the FTP session. Commands and replies are exchanged between the protocol interpreters over this channel, but not data.

Each time files or other data need to be sent between the server and user FTP processes, a data connection must be created. The data connection links the User-DTP with the Server-DTP. This connection is required both for explicit file transfer actions (getting or receiving a file) and also for implicit data transfers, such as requesting a list of files from a directory on the server.

The FTP standard specifies two different ways of creating a data connection, though it doesn't really explain them in a way that is very easy to understand. That's my job. The two methods differ primarily in which device, the client or the server, initiates the connection. This may at first seem like a trivial matter, but as we'll see shortly, it is actually quite important.


Previous Topic/Section
FTP Control Connection Establishment, User Authentication and Anonymous FTP Access
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Pages in Current Topic/Section
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Next Page
FTP General Data Communication and Transmission Modes
Next Topic/Section

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Version 3.0 - Version Date: September 20, 2005

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