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The TCP/IP Guide

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Table Of Contents  The TCP/IP Guide
 9  TCP/IP Application Layer Protocols, Services and Applications (OSI Layers 5, 6 and 7)
      9  TCP/IP Network Configuration and Management Protocols (BOOTP, DHCP, SNMP and RMON)
           9  TCP/IP Network Management Framework and Protocols (SNMP and RMON)
                9  TCP/IP Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Protocol
                     9  SNMP Protocol Messaging and Message Formats

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SNMP Message Field Definitions, General Message Format and Message Sections
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SNMP Version 2 (SNMPv2) Message Formats
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SNMP Version 1 (SNMPv1) Message Format
(Page 1 of 3)

The SNMP general message format was, of course, first used to define the format of messages in the original SNMP Protocol, SNMP version 1 (SNMPv1). This first version of SNMP is probably best known for its relative simplicity, compared to the versions that followed it. This is reflected in its message format, which is quite straight-forward.

The general message format in SNMPv1 is a “wrapper” consisting of a small header and an encapsulated PDU. Not very many header fields were needed in SNMPv1 because the community-based security method in SNMPv1 is very rudimentary. Thus, the short overall format for SNMPv1 messages shown in Table 212 and Figure 277.


Table 212: SNMP Version 1 (SNMPv1) General Message Format

Field Name

Syntax

Size (bytes)

Description

Version

Integer

4

Version Number: Describes the SNMP version number of this message; used for ensuring compatibility between versions. For SNMPv1, this value is actually 0, not 1.

Community

Octet String

Variable

Community String: Identifies the SNMP community in which the sender and recipient of this message are located. This is used to implement the simple SNMP community-based security mechanism

PDU

Variable

Protocol Data Unit: The PDU being communicated as the body of the message.



Figure 277: SNMP Version 1 (SNMPv1) General Message Format

 


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