Please Whitelist This Site?

I know everyone hates ads. But please understand that I am providing premium content for free that takes hundreds of hours of time to research and write. I don't want to go to a pay-only model like some sites, but when more and more people block ads, I end up working for free. And I have a family to support, just like you. :)

If you like The TCP/IP Guide, please consider the download version. It's priced very economically and you can read all of it in a convenient format without ads.

If you want to use this site for free, I'd be grateful if you could add the site to the whitelist for Adblock. To do so, just open the Adblock menu and select "Disable on tcpipguide.com". Or go to the Tools menu and select "Adblock Plus Preferences...". Then click "Add Filter..." at the bottom, and add this string: "@@||tcpipguide.com^$document". Then just click OK.

Thanks for your understanding!

Sincerely, Charles Kozierok
Author and Publisher, The TCP/IP Guide


NOTE: Using software to mass-download the site degrades the server and is prohibited.
If you want to read The TCP/IP Guide offline, please consider licensing it. Thank you.

The Book is Here... and Now On Sale!

Get The TCP/IP Guide for your own computer.
The TCP/IP Guide

Custom Search






Table Of Contents  The TCP/IP Guide
 9  TCP/IP Lower-Layer (Interface, Internet and Transport) Protocols (OSI Layers 2, 3 and 4)
      9  TCP/IP Network Interface / Internet "Layer Connection" Protocols
           9  Address Resolution and the TCP/IP Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

Previous Topic/Section
Dynamic Address Resolution Caching and Efficiency Issues
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
Next Page
ARP Overview, Standards and History
Next Topic/Section

TCP/IP Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

The most widely used network layer protocol in the world—by far—is the TCP/IP Internet Protocol. It's no surprise then, that the most important address resolution protocol is the TCP/IP protocol bearing the same name as the technique itself: the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). ARP is a full-featured dynamic resolution protocol used to match IP addresses to underlying data link layer addresses. Originally developed for Ethernet, it has now been generalized to allow IP to operate over a wide variety of layer two technologies.

In this section I describe the operation and features of ARP. I begin with an overview of the protocol, and a discussion of its defining standards and history. I briefly outline how addresses are specified in ARP and its general operation, as well as describing the message format used for ARP messages. I then turn to the important matter of caching in ARP and how that is used to improve performance. I conclude with a discussion of proxying in ARP, which is needed to support special network connectivity situations.

Background Information: The general explanation of address resolution, what it is, and how it works, can be found in the preceding section on address resolution concepts. Except for a brief recap at the start of the overview, I assume you have familiarity with these concepts.


Note: The Address Resolution Protocol described here is used for resolving unicast addresses in version 4 of the Internet Protocol. Multicast addresses under IPv4 use a direct mapping method, described in a separate topic. IPv6 uses the new Neighbor Discovery protocol instead of ARP; this is discussed in the overview of IPv6 address resolution.


Related Information: For a discussion of ARP-related issues in networks with mobile IP devices, see the section on Mobile IP.


Related Information: The software application “arp”, which is used to administer the TCP/IP ARP implementation on a host, is covered in its own topic in the section on TCP/IP utilities.


Quick navigation to subsections and regular topics in this section



Previous Topic/Section
Dynamic Address Resolution Caching and Efficiency Issues
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
Next Page
ARP Overview, Standards and History
Next Topic/Section

If you find The TCP/IP Guide useful, please consider making a small Paypal donation to help the site, using one of the buttons below. You can also donate a custom amount using the far right button (not less than $1 please, or PayPal gets most/all of your money!) In lieu of a larger donation, you may wish to consider purchasing a download license of The TCP/IP Guide. Thanks for your support!
Donate $2
Donate $5
Donate $10
Donate $20
Donate $30
Donate: $



Home - Table Of Contents - Contact Us

The TCP/IP Guide (http://www.TCPIPGuide.com)
Version 3.0 - Version Date: September 20, 2005

Copyright 2001-2005 Charles M. Kozierok. All Rights Reserved.
Not responsible for any loss resulting from the use of this site.