IP Routes and Routing Tables
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Now, imagine that this process is expanded to handle thousands of networks and routers. Not only do routers need to know which of their local connections to use for each network, they want to know, if possible, what is the best connection to use for each network. Since routers are interconnected in a mesh there are usually multiple routes between any two devices, but we want to take the best route whenever we can. This may be the shortest route, the least congested, or the route considered optimal based on other criteria.
Determining what routes we should use for different networks turns out to be an important but very complex job. Routers must plan routes and exchange information about routes and networks, which can be done in a variety of ways. This is accomplished in IP using special IP routing protocols. It is through these protocols that R2 and R3 would find out that 22.214.171.124/8 exists and that it is connected to them via R1. I discuss these important support protocols in their own section.
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