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Table Of Contents  The TCP/IP Guide
 9  TCP/IP Lower-Layer (Interface, Internet and Transport) Protocols (OSI Layers 2, 3 and 4)
      9  TCP/IP Internet Layer (OSI Network Layer) Protocols
           9  Internet Protocol (IP/IPv4, IPng/IPv6) and IP-Related Protocols (IP NAT, IPSec, Mobile IP)
                9  Internet Protocol Version 4 (IP, IPv4)
                     9  IP Addressing
                          9  IP Subnetting: Practical Subnet Design and Address Determination Example

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IP Subnetting Step #2: The Key Design Trade-off: Partitioning Network Address Host Bits
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1
2
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IP Subnetting Step #4: Determining Subnet Identifiers and Subnet Addresses
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IP Subnetting Step #3: Determining The Custom Subnet Mask
(Page 2 of 2)

Class B Custom Subnet Mask Calculation Example

Now, let's do the same example with our Class B network (166.113.0.0) with 5 bits for the subnet ID (with a bit less narration this time; see Figure 77):


Figure 77: Determining The Custom Subnet Mask for A Class B Network

 


  1. Determine Default Subnet Mask: For Class B, the subnet mask is 255.255.0.0. In binary, this is:
11111111 11111111 00000000 00000000
  1. Change Left-Most Zeroes To Ones For Subnet Bits: We have decided to use 5 bits for the subnet ID, so, we change the 5 left-most 0 bits from a 0 to 1, shown highlighted below, to give us our binary custom subnet mask:
11111111 11111111 11111000 00000000
  1. Convert Subnet Mask To Dotted Decimal Notation: We take each of the octets in the subnet mask and convert it to decimal, to give us a custom subnet mask of 255.255.248.0

  2. Express Subnet Mask In “Slash Notation”: We can express the subnet mask 255.255.248.0 as “/21”, since it is 21 ones followed by 11 zeroes. In other words, its prefix length is 21.
Determining The Custom Subnet Mask Using Subnetting Tables

Now, what could be easier than that? Well, you could simply refer to the subnetting summary tables. Find the table for the appropriate class, and then find the row that you selected in the previous step that matches the number of subnet ID bits you want to use. You can see the matching subnet mask right there.

(Hey, it's good to know how to do it yourself! You may not always have tables to refer to!)


Previous Topic/Section
IP Subnetting Step #2: The Key Design Trade-off: Partitioning Network Address Host Bits
Previous Page
Pages in Current Topic/Section
1
2
Next Page
IP Subnetting Step #4: Determining Subnet Identifiers and Subnet Addresses
Next Topic/Section

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